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印媒:ISRO播下未来技术的种子,帮助下一代穿越星际

 Isro sowing seeds of future technology to help next generation go beyond Earth

Isro播下未来技术的种子,帮助下一代穿越星际

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NEW DELHI: In the last 50 years since it was founded, Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) has come a long way by overcoming technological hurdles and achieving several milestones. From launching sounding rockets carrying a payload of just 30-70kg to 150km altitude from a church-turned-launchpad at Thumba in Kerala’s Trivandrum (now Thiruvananthapuram) in early 1960s, Isro is now launching 4,000-kg payload to the geostationary orbit at 36,000-km altitude. The agency’s giant leap in space technology has been phenomenal whether it is the development of cryogenic engine for powering its heavy-payload launcher or making India’s heaviest satellite Gsat-11 weighing over five tonnes.

新德里: 成立50年来,印度空间研究组织(Isro)克服了技术障碍,取得了一系列里程碑式的进展。上世纪60年代初,印度空间研究组织在喀拉拉邦特里凡得琅顿巴发射探空火箭,其有效载荷仅为30-70公斤,轨道高度为150公里。而目前Isro正在向36000公里高空的地球静止轨道发射携带4000公斤有效载荷的火箭。无论是为其重型运载火箭提供动力的低温发动机的研发,还是制造印度最重的卫星Gsat-11(超过5吨),该机构在太空技术方面的巨大飞跃都是惊人的。

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When Isro was set up on August 15, 1969, the country didn’t have space infrastructure nor expertise to launch big rockets. But now the agency has an array of rockets in its arsenal. Its PSLV can not only lift over a hundred satellites in one attempt, but can also put satellites in different orbits in a single mission. Likewise, its GSLV rocket is capable of launching bulky satellites to the geo orbit and is also being used to launch interplanetary missions like Chandrayaan-2.

当Isro于1969年8月15日成立时,印度既没有太空基础设施,也不具备发射大型火箭的专业技术。但现在该机构的储备库中有一系列火箭,其PSLV火箭不仅可以一次性发射100多颗卫星,还可以在同一次任务中将卫星送入不同轨道。同样,其GSLV火箭能够将体积庞大的卫星发射到地球轨道,也被用于执行“月船2号”这样的星际任务。

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On the golden jubilee year of Isro, its chairman K Sivan told TOI, “In the last 50 years, Isro’s key mission was to develop space technologies that would benefit the common man. We have therefore established a big space infrastructure, space transport system and various space applications to meet the requirement of the people of India and fulfill the vision of the father of Indian space programme Vikram Sarabhai, who always pushed for using space technology for the welfare of society.”

在Isro的50周年纪念,其主席K Sivan对印度时报表示:“在过去50年里,Isro的主要任务是开发造福普通老百姓的太空技术。我们已经建立了大型空间基础设施,空间运输系统和各种应用程序以满足印度人民的要求并实现印度太空计划之父-维克拉姆的愿景,他总是推动使用空间技术造福社会。”

Sivan said, “We are now looking to achieve the second mission: To develop technologies required for future. The launch of interplanetary missions like Mars Orbiter Mission and Chandrayaan-1 and -2 missions are in that direction. We are sowing the seeds of future technologies so that our next generation will reap their benefits 50 years from now. This is because resources on Earth like water and energy are fast depleting. We may have to depend on other celestial bodies in future to fufil our basic needs. To find a way to reach these planets, we are therefore launching interplanetary missions.”

Sivan称:“我们现在正在努力实现第二项使命:开发未来所需的技术。火星轨道探测器任务,“月船1号”和“月船2号”等星际任务的发射就是朝着这个方向进行的。我们正在播下未来技术的种子,这样我们的下一代将在50年后收获果实。这是因为地球上的水资源和能源等资源正在迅速枯竭。将来我们可能不得不依靠其他天体来满足我们的基本需要。为了找到到达这些行星的方法,我们正在执行星际任务。”

Sivan said after the Chandrayaan-2 mission, the human spaceflight programme or Gagayaan will be Isro’s top priority. "We have to launch the mission by 2022, the deadline fixed by PM Narendra Modi. After the completion of Gaganyaan by 2022, Isro will work on setting up India’s own space station,” he said.

Sivan表示,“月船2号”任务完成后,ISRO的首要任务将是载人航天计划。“我们必须在2022年之前启动这项任务,这是莫迪总理设定的最后期限。印度空间研究组织将在2022年完成“ Gaganyaan”载人航天计划后,致力于建立印度自己的空间站。”

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印度时报读者的评论:

译文来源:三泰虎 http://www.santaihu.com/48251.html   译者:Jessica.Wu

外文:https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com

chanakya•3108•News King Frequent Flyer Member • chanakya•Mumbai•5 hours ago

ISRO is turning out to be the world best governmental organisation under PM modi

在莫迪总理的领导下, ISRO正在成为全球最出色的机构。

Hi Sudip•1254•Influencer Wordsmith News King • chanakya •3 hours ago

Hey stupid, ISRO was set up in 1969 & till 2014 before PM Modi came to power, ISRO had enough success in its feather. Read the report stupid, it has been nicely illustrated in the report.

嘿,傻瓜,印度空间研究组织成立于1969年,直到2014年莫迪总理上台之前,印度空间研究组织已经取得了很多成就。好好看文章吧,笨蛋,里面写得很清楚。

 

Ashwani Kumar•8360•Movie Buff Wordsmith News King • chanakya •4 hours ago

ISRO was always world class.

ISRO一直是世界级的。

 

Alpha Centauri•15833• Alpha Centauri•6 hours ago

Isro must refrain from comparing its missions with Hollywood movies and instead must focus in developing mega launch vehicles. Right now, launching four tonnes of payload is not up to the international standards. Private space agency like SpaceX is taking a few years to be on par with NASA where as Isro is taking decades in launch capability improvements. Better Isro focus on being on par with other international heavy weights.

Isro不要将其任务与好莱坞电影进行比较,努力开发大型运载火箭吧。目前,发射4吨有效载荷还达不到国际标准。SpaceX等私营航天机构需要几年时间才能赶上NASA的水平。Isro最好还是集中精力追赶其他太空强国,争取和它们并驾齐驱。

 

Amit Raje•3473• Alpha Centauri•4 hours ago

For this isro needs a billion dollar budget. Can india allocate billion dollar budget to ISRO. Answer is No. So isro have to implement their work according to budget. Compare budget of SpaceX, NASA,ISRO.

为此,Isro需要10亿美元的预算。印度能向ISRO拨款10亿美元吗?答案是否定的。所以Isro只能按照预算执行工作。可以去比较一下SpaceX, NASA和ISRO的预算。

 

Ashwani Kumar•8360•Movie Buff Wordsmith News King • Ashwani Kumar•4 hours ago

It is all because of strong foundation and system laid by visionary Scientist Dr. Vikram Sarabhai with least interference from politicians.

这归功于有远见卓识的科学家维克拉姆博士奠定了坚实的基础,而政客们做的贡献最少。

 

Ramaswami Narayanan•3363•Influencer Wordsmith News King • Ramaswami•chennai•5 hours ago

great

太棒了

 

A Patel•1671•Member • A•3 hours ago

I wish HAL and DRDO are performing like ISRO.

希望印度斯坦航空公司和印度国防研究与发展组织能像ISRO那样表现出色。

 

Nekibul Haque•680• Nekibul Haque•6 hours ago

Inspiring

鼓舞人心啊

 

Sunil •690• Sunil •Pune•1 hour ago

Only Govt. organization making us proud!!!

ISRO唯一让我们感到自豪的政府机构!

 

Rachna Singh•160• Rachna Singh•New Delhi•3 hours ago

Proud of u isro.

ISRO,为你骄傲

 

Dkm•268• Dkm•5 hours ago

Imran launches rockets to Saturn in dreams

伊姆兰只能在梦中向土星发射火箭

 

Partha Banerjee•331• Partha Banerjee•6 hours ago

Congrats ISRO for rapid development in space world. Hope so there is no reservation is there in this organisation.

祝贺ISRO在太空领域的快速发展。希望在这个机构里选人不搞预留名额。

 

Hindus Are Terrorists Muslims Are Saints•1254• Hindus Are Terrorists Muslims Are Saints•7 hours ago

ISRO and DRDO will produce world class technology and products over the next few years and in the decades to come. Simply because the money they need will be given to them instead of getting redirected into Italian accounts.

ISRO和印度国防研究与发展组织将在未来几年乃至未来几十年内生产世界级的产品。原因很简单,他们资金充足,这些资金没有被转到意大利的银行账户。

 

jesh jack•75• Tarun Sharma•7 hours ago

And congress govt set up this organization and brought to this level like many other institutions. Now all the credit goes to Modi, who has done nothing but trying to destroy every institutions.

国大党政府成立了这个机构,并推动其发展到现在这个水平。现在所有的功劳都归莫迪了,其实莫迪毫无功劳,反倒在破坏印度每一个机构

 

Srini•11133•Influencer Wordsmith News King • Tarun Sharma•hyd•6 hours ago

Isro was set up by our beloved chacha Nehru and not by modi and his chemcha.

Isro是尼赫鲁成立的,不是莫迪。

 

Aarush Goel•1072• Aarush Goel•11 hours ago

ISRO is Jewel and pride of India

ISRO是印度的珍宝,是印度的骄傲

 

Ulhas Kulkarni•3255•Influencer Wordsmith Inboxer • Ulhas•Navi Mumbai•43 mins ago

ISRO is GREAT!

ISRO太棒了

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